Its been a frantically busy time since I last wrote introducing this lovely Norfolk Horn yarn. June is always horrendously busy. This year more so than normal.
In between getting out out and about giving a hand with shearing and sorting fleeces for this years clip I’ve also been carrying out more research into the Norfolks history – more on this exciting project as the next few months go by. All this squeezed in between the usual events, craft fairs and festivals that seem to run back to back from May till now. Introducing my lovely yarn to its public in addition to my usual hand dyed fibres and hand spun yarns has been great. I’ve met so many interesting people and gained new contacts. The network grows. Its been overwhelming at times.
Family life has also taken a busy turn in the past month or so. With children returning home as adults (a memorable day trip to Lockerbie for lunch and bringing home a kayak). At the same time Sean’s mum is transitioning to live with her children. A busy time indeed.
But now things have slacked off and I have had time to play in the workshop with this lovely Norfolk Horn yarn. Putting it through its paces and seeing what it can do well. I hope these swatches will give you an idea of the sorts of textures and patterns that it will work well with.
I’ve tried it out in plain, eyelet and cables. Its giving really good stitch definition and a nice handle. Its the best of sheepy yarn: bouncy, soft and not too tickly. The following swatches were all knitted on 3.5mm needles.
Cables. 3.5mm needles gauge 29 stitches 42 rows to 10cm
Its has a delicate pearly shimmer to it. And I’m really liking the oatmeally and the peppering of dark dusty flecks of colour in it.
I am experimenting with dyeing it. Its going to take some time as I really don’t want to loose that special shimmering colouration that is so Norfolkish.
I’ve also been working on some one skein wonder patterns, these I will publish on Ravelry as I finish them to the point where I am happy with them. I am learning to accept that these things can not be rushed.
If you wish to get you hands on some don’t wait too long, its going fast. Full details on the yarn and how to buy it can be found here.
This all began with Spinzilla 2017. The fantastic Freyalyn dyed up some shetland fibre for the team. The colours were so good, glorious golds/pumpkin/turmeric/greens/purples. I really liked the colours and wanted to keep them intact in the yarn. I had in mind another colourwork experiment. This time with quite long colour sequences for a larger piece. I had a perfect neutral base to pair it with, a cone of unknown brown in the about the right weight (one of my charity shop finds). Another stranded colour work tank top with a sequence of large floral motifs in distinct bands.
I always find it easier if I have a finished design or end object in mind before I start any project. I am very in awe of creative folk who can just start on something with no particular end in mind. I’m perhaps being deluded here as I don’t think this is entirely possible. I find that if I am just noodling about with no particular aim it doesn’t go well. Its that blank page thing. I get crippling fright, feel a bit useless, it makes me unconfident in my abilities and anxious. Particularly when I start looking for inspiration on Pinterest or worse still Instagram…how on earth would anything I make ever be as good as that?
Once I knew what it was going to be I then knew what yarn I needed and how I needed to spin it. A 4-ply (worsted) weight. I had learnt from the Robin Pincushion project from the year before that trying to spin two plies to get a colour sequence was hard work! To keep my life simple it was going to be chain plied (3-ply). I could spin away to my hearts content without the bother of trying to hard to keep consistency. Plus this was going to be during spinzilla so I could spin using my default thin thin thin = fast fast fast!
And as it was spinzilla and speed was required it would be longdraw which meant rolags.
I split the tops into two. Working my down the snakes I hand carded rolags placing each one in series next to its predecessor working my way:
I span these rolags long draw onto two bobbins. Making sure that I kept the sequence in order and numbered the bobbins 1 and 2.
I chain plied 2 first and then 1.
I knitted a test peice as a swatch, a neckwarmer:
Then spent some time working out the design. Major headache with getting stitch counts and pattern to work. I have learnt the value of the swatch. More on this in a moment.
I also had a major conundrum with keeping the colour sequence right and how to split for the upper body. Oh my god! I was going make a tough choice. Did I want to mess up the thickness of my colour transition by working upper front and back flat? Or, if I wanted it to stay right I WAS GOING TO HAVE TO STEEK. CUT MY HANDSPUN YARN. CUT IT???
My weirdness won out. I couldn’t live with it if the colour sequence went off at the top. No, really, I am that obsessive over the details. Drives me nuts if things are not right or balanced.
The knitting went smoothly, fairly straight forward:
I’ve never worked a steek before. I knew in theory what to do. So I had to do a bit of research. Starting with the words of the wise, my fairisle bible (Alice Starmores Book of Fairisle knitting) and Elizabeth Zimmerman. Meg Swainson wrote a really useful article for Vogue knitting here I remembered Kate Davies covered the topic with some good visuals over a series of blog posts resulting in what she called a steek sandwich. And the lovely and wonderous Hazel Tindall.
This is the neck steek. I used stitch markers and held the bottom stitch on asafety pin. It was difficult to see the cutting stitch in the plain brown.
So armed to the teeth with the book learning I knew that I was not going to be happy with cut seams and loose ends. I crochet a binding on the V-neck and armholes:
It was difficult as I do this in the evening and the light is not so good particularly with the dark brown yarn being so dark. I would definitely do this steeking in really good daylight tomake sure that one is working with the right stitches.
Cutting the knitting:
Was not so bad once I’d got over it.
And then watched in horror as little wriggly worms of cut ends started to worm their way out of the beautifully worked crochet binding. Horror horror. I’ve already mentioned swatching. Well wise words were given by Hazel Tindall “did you cut your swatch to see if it would steek ok?”… erm nope…. but I will next time….maybe…
However, always have a plan B to bodge things back into order! Out with the sewing machine:
I have a theory that it does take 10 years to master any skill. Because this is how long it takes to make enough mistakes to learn enough bodges to make it look like you know what you are doing…
I’m really pleased with it. I like the flow of colour through the stranded colour work. Definitely will be repeating this at some point in the future. As I hate the trauma of choosing colours in colourwork…analysis paralysis…
I’m being very remiss with this blogy thing. I said I would keep you updated on the Knit mission impossible Birthday Gansey. Well here it is. If you follow the Instagram you will have seen its progress.
I did not make the birthday deadline – well that was not really a surprise was it now.
But it was finished with minutes to spare – the photo was taken whilst our lift was waiting to take us to the bus to the airport for a trip to New Zealand to see my folks in what I think of as my second home. Quickly snapping some photos, Sean decided he was going to wear it on the journey.
Its not strictly a gansey as such, the construction is not using traditional technique. Does this matter? The body was knit bottom up in the round and then dividing for front and back bib knitted flat. Ganseys don’t use steeks. The yarn is too slippery and the construction not strong enough for the rigours that work would have demanded. The sleeves probably wouldn’t have lasted longer than five minutes on a fishermans back before coming adrift. In traditional gansey technique the sleeves were knitted straight of the the body by picking up stitches from the front and back after joining at the shoulder. For Seans jumper, the sleeves are set in for a more modern fit. With the armhole shaping I also didn’t need to use an underarm gusset for ease of movement. I am a bit niggly about the sleeve head. I think its a bit pointy. I’m hoping its going to settle down if not my obsessive angel that sits on my should will make me rip it and re-knit it till its right. I can’t help it…knowing somethings not right disturbs me … I have to make it right or it will drive me nuts…
I stuck with diamond motifs – I really like the shape and how it could be worked with different textures. So many variations just by knitting and purling stitches. All those little bumps making negatives and positives. I find textured knitting not only really pleasing to knit, but also to look at and to feel them running under your fingers. Lovely.
I started the patterning just under the arms in a continuous band but, cheated time by only continuing the patterning all the way up the front bib and plain stocking stitch up the back after separating the torso tube.
The yarn was not the easiest to work with, its very tightly spun and is quite sturdy. I knit english, holding the yarn and throwing it with my right hand whilst the left hand feeds the stitches to be worked. I found that my left hand forefinger does most of the work of feeding really felt it. It got a bit calloused. Hopefully, it will be incredibly hard wearing and last a lifetime if not more before I, or my descendants, have to mend it.
The exhibition is the result of research by Stella Ruhe in to the heritage and history of Dutch fishing communities and the ganseys worn by these men. It’s a travelling exhibition of over 60 ganseys reproducing old patterns in modern yarns. The exhibition also includes a few Sheringham Ganseys.
What is a gansey? It’s a close fitting, usually seamless, sweater traditionally worn by fishermen along much of the North Sea coastline of Britain and the Netherlands. Designed to be a very practical item of work wear. Hardwearing, windproof, waterproof. Tough. A tough garment for a tough environment worn by people who had tough lives. I think you get the point. Ganseys were the work horses of knitwear. Hardcore knitwear.
Everything about them was practical and honed to achieve a windproof, waterproof, hard wearing easily mended long lived garment. From a technical point of view Ganseys were perfect for their function. A simple construction. A basic T shape. Knitted seamless in the round on fine 5 double pointed needles (14 – 17 imperial or less than 2mm) to create a dense windproof textile. Tight fitting, with little ease, often with an underarm gusset for movement. The sleeves a little on the short side to keep the hands and lower arms free. Cuffs knitted after thought to make repairs easy.
Traditionally knitted in dark blue in 5-ply worsted yarn. Although research is turning up all sorts of colours, greys, pale blues, black and red. Decorated with textured patterns round the upper torso, possibly to increase thickness for extra warmth.
Working ganseys were also rarely, if ever, washed and were worn next to the skin. The oils, dirt and grime all adding to the weatherproofing. I can’t help wondering what they would have felt and smelt like. Savoury?
What I find fascinating about ganseys is that despite the practicality of the gansey as work wear space was found for the knitter to express her art and craft in the decoration. Ganseys were, by and large, knitted by women for their menfolk. Their sons, husbands and fathers. The stitch patterns (all in simple combinations of knit and purl) were passed along by word of mouth down generations from mother to daughter and transmitted around the coastal communities of the North Sea. Each community developing its own unique pattern and stitch ‘library’. Rich in traditions and heritage, the stitch patterns symbolised everyday life: tools, harvest, landscape and weather. Stitch patterns include ridges and furrows, waves, anchors, diamonds, cables, lightening, ropes and ladders. The textural patterns are clean, linear, abstract and look modern.
This is a wonderful example knitted by Esther Nurse of Sheringham in 1950. Its the Norfolk II Sheringham in Patterns for Guernseys, Jerseys and Ganseys by Gladys Thompson. It used a 4-ply yarn knitted to a tension of 12 stitches and 20 rows to the inch. Her father died wearing a gansey of this pattern, it apparently fitted so snugly that it had to be cut off. The pattern shows the 3 ridges around the chest common to most Norfolk ganseys. What I really like is the unrepaired hole. I am wondering if its wear and tear of if moths may have been the culprit.
A gansey was much more than just a practical uniform for work. Fishermen wore their ganseys at all times, even having a Sunday best Gansey for Church, weddings high days and holidays. And it is thanks to this that we have some scanty records of these beautifully crafted garments.
As an item of workwear produced by women and worn by working men ganseys are overlooked and largely unrecorded. There are surviving records of boys and men posing in their best ganseys in rare (and expensive) studio photographs or documented at their work by photographers such as Olive Edis.
Just how fine is this knitting? I love fine knitting. I assumed it was hand knit. It was so beautifully even, crisp and precise and fine. I can appreciate the time this garment took to make, if it was by hand and not machine. It’s truly amazing. A testament to the art and craft of the knitter. I wish I knew the women that made this.
Mending and repairs. Definitely not a disposable item these were precious garments to be mended and maintained. Or just worn to destruction. There is a lovely picture in the Fishermans Heritage Centre , just around the corner from the Sheringham Mo, showing a lifeboat man at work in a much worn and frayed gansey. The yarn curling and unravelling out from a hole at the cuff. I didn’t note the name of the gentleman pictured, and excuse to go back…
Pompoms and tassels. These confused me. Would having cord around your neck with fluffy balls on the end not be something of an accident waiting to happen on a working fishing boat? This is a question I hope I can get answered at the 2 day Symposium being held at the end of September.
I ended the visit with chips on the beach watching the world and his dog go by and trying to imagine quieter days before ‘holidays’ were invented.
You can visit the exhibition from now until the end of September. The Gansey Symposium 2017 is from 29th September to Sunday 1st October.
I’m feeling very smug. I’ve just finished my latest knit and I love it.
The pullover is based on a Patricia Roberts pattern, Ovaltinie (Patricia Roberts Second Knitting Book p.72).
I had been gifted a beautiful set of gradient mini batts in the colours of a Blue Tit by the lovely Mrs Biker(team mate in Spinzilla). These had been sat in the work shop waiting for that special moment of inspiration. I tend to act on impulse and am quite happy to wait for said moments of inspiration no matter how long. I have materials stashed that I have had for my entire adult life, and I am sure that I am not alone in this habit. I have learnt that forcing things creatively doesn’t often lead to good results. I digress. In one of those moments I was rifling through my book stash and remembered this pattern. I wasn’t enamoured of the colours used, totally 80’s clashtastic, but appreciated the design. I wanted to see how the fair isle design would work with more subtle colours. Keeping in with the Blue Tit theme I paired the colour work with a soft grey to act as the base.
I began the project on April 9th and finished it today. 80 days. I could have gone around the world in that time.
I kept a visual diary of the process and thought you might appreciate it if I shared.
The batts were merino (hateful stuff but I worked through my ) and the grey was provided by the delightful Arabella who is a rare lady indeed, a beautiful black Romney. For speediness the fibre was spun long draw from carded batts. The original yarn is long gone, and I guessed the tension gauge of the yarn to be an old fashioned 3-ply or heavy lace weight. I think a good modern substitute would be Jamiesons & Smith Shetland Heritage. I rushed it, so it’s came out a bit thick and thin but meh! Who cares it usually averages out ok in the end.
I was also bit nervous that I would have enough of each of the colours as some of the skeins had more metrage than others. We will revisit this thought a bit later…
The pattern called for 1 main colour and 8 colours for the stranded colour work. I only had six plus the main. And this is what really slowed me up. Whilst I wanted a subtle pattern I wanted the pattern to be visible.
I first worked out a rough colour arrangement for each of the separate design bands. Once I was happy with them I checked out that the colour values would also work. I was a bit suspicious that the values were a bit samey and the pattern would be a lost.
Here is probably the best tip I can every give for colour work: I always find it really useful to render the original design image and my chosen coloured yarns into black and white/greyscale. Working with colour value, rather than colours themselves, may seem a bit abstract. But trust me, it really helps. Particularly if you are using subtle colour shifts.
This was a tip I had read about in Deb Menzes book Color in Spinning. There is also a wealth of resources out there. I recommend this excellent blog post by Jared Flood.
As you can see, I didn’t have a large range of colour values to work with. This was particularly noticeable with the blues and the dark green (top left). I did wonder about including black but chucked it out of the mix as it was too jarring. So, with fewer colours, little contrast and low range in colour value, I knew that this was going to be a complex challenge.
Even with the planning, some of my initial choices did not work out. There was lot of frogging and swearing. I reckon I knit a garment at least three times over by the time it’s done.
I also modified the pattern. I like a nice deep rib. I don’t like a deep armhole. And I wanted higher V neck – did not want boiling spuds if I wasn’t wearing a top underneath. And I only wanted one work through of the chart. Fortunately, the row tension of my hand spun was bang on so I did not have to mess around with the chart repeats.
I calculated that if I doubled the rib length and increased the main grey colour banding to 4 rows then the single chart repeat would fit. It didn’t. I was about 5 cms too short at the shoulders. To overcome this, I repeated the first four rows of the chart and accepted that there would be a bit of a deep band of grey at the shoulders. It gave a nice symmetry to the pattern and closed it well.
What else? The original was knitted in two pieces flat. I wanted to knit the main body in the round. Knitting stranded colour work in the round is so much easier when following charts. My brain has difficulty ‘seeing’ the pattern on the purl rows. I didn’t use steeks but maybe next time I might, not sure if this would save any time.
Also, remember at the start, I was a bit nervous that I didn’t have enough of a couple of the colours…Top tip: listen to your inner voice. Yup. I ran out of two of the colours…
Why do I always do this!
Luckily, two things. First I got the fronts finished and ran out on the back shoulder. Who cares about that – I can’t see it! Second, I had just bought in a lucky dip bag of mixed tops from Wingham Woolworks for a workshop I was running and it had a few colours that I could blend to get a sort of match as I only needed a teeny tiny bit. Result! Don’t you love it when the universe shines its happy face your way?
It took an age to knit. 80 days. I had forgotten how much you have to concentrate when knitting stranded colour work. Let your attention slip and its abstract pattern time where everything goes on the huh. Frogging and swearing. So, I haven’t got a clue what was on TV for the past 80 days. Which is cool as it means I have the perfect excuse to re-watch American Gods and season 2 of Preacher all over again.
I am having a break from stranded colour work for a while. Give me something simple.
I have finally got it together to finish writing the pattern and here it is: Blakeney. A simple cardigan with a raglan sleeve and modern tapered fit designed for knitting with handspun yarn (weight 12-14 WPI (alternatively a commercial DK weight yarn). Handsomely modelled here by Sean.
I wanted it to have a clean silhouette, with a tapering to the waist for a contemporary fit. With an unfussy plain knit fabric, I think the yarn should be the star here and not fancy-pancy technique or stitch-craftery.
It is knitted using a seamless construction, worked from the bottom up, with the body knitted in one piece. The sleeves are knitted in the round and assembled with the body for knitting onwards through the raglan. The button holes and a neat I-chord edge are knitted as the garment is worked. Thus avoiding any tedious after bands. Which always take me at least 3 attempts before I get it right- and I have knitted many…you would think I would be whizz at them by now… but no. I also spent some time playing with different buttonhole methods. but that is a whole subject in itself. So maybe a topic for a later post. I finished it with a tape which gave the garment a very nice drape and handle. Hard to describe what I mean, but it really gave it a quality finish.
I worked on this design whilst I was knitting a particularly complex Patricia Roberts textured pattern, so I am wondering if the simplicity of stitch and construction was an antidote to this.
The yarn, a subtle marled 2-ply, in shifting blues and grey tones was inspired by the shallow seas of the North Norfolk Coast. I wrote of this in a previous post here.
In particular the pattern is named after Blakeney, one of my favourite parts of the coast. Once a thriving port, Blakeney also had a colourful reputation for piracy, smuggling and general lawlessness. I’m not sure of the veracity of the claims but there are records of the men of Blakeney boarding ships, bringing them to harbour and stripping them of their cargo. As well as incidents of Merchant Ships resting in the harbour and finding their cargos mysteriously vanishing. Indeed the residents refused to supply a ship for the battle against the Spanish Armada. So it seems fitting with the Spinzilla Team HSNs Pirate theme.
I found writing the pattern out an odd process. The act of writing and planning was a more rigorous approach than I am used to. My normal approach is quite instinctive, usually involving a great deal of trial and error, much swearing and ripping and reknitting till I get the perfect finish I have in my mind. Over time I have got better so there is less trial and error. Grading was also a new skill that I had not any experience of. hopefully I have it right (ish). If you do have a bash at this pattern (and thank you so much if you do) let me know your experience of it, feedback is very welcome.
Pattern is now available in on Ravelry here. 10% of all pattern sales will be donated to MND Association.
The pattern is in 4 sizes: Small, medium, large, x-large (105 [108, 112, 115] cm (40[42, 44, 45] inches). Shown modelled by Sean, wearing the large size.
Handspun isn’t to everyones taste nor accessible if you are not a spinner. I suggest a millspun alternative would be something woollen with a soft to medium handle. The pattern would need a Double knit (DK) (US no 4 Medium) with a gauge of between 21-24sts over 10cm. Just a suggestion but something like Blacker Pure Shetland DK knitting yarn would do well.
Have you noticed how awful mens knitwear is? Tragic! Absolutely gopping! I live in a houseful of menfolk. None of whom wear knitwear. Is this the reason why? Who on earth thinks that men should wear these awful shapeless ugly patterned hideous body boxes? So in a weak attempt to be bang on trend I wanted the perfect man’s cardigan.
This was in June 2016 by the way. It’s now finished. It is mid February 2017. It is worth it. It will be with him until he leaves the house feet first. Slow fashion? Indeed. Which is why I am often asked ‘seems like a lot of work. Why don’t you just buy one?’ Which misses the point entirely. Through the ‘work’ comes the pleasure. It is pleasing to sink hands into beautiful lanolin rich pungent fleece, to prepare it and to spin it into yarn. It is pleasing to think about the wearing during the knitting and the wearing or the gifting once it is done. And to remember those moments when the garment is in your hands over the years that follow. So, my response is ‘why would you buy one. Where is the pleasure in that?’
So, I thought you might be interested to see the process by which a hand spun cardigan is born.
For me it starts with the idea. I find it difficult to spin for the sheer joy of spinning. I typically have a very clear idea in my head for a design. In this case it was for a simple, fuss free, fitted cardigan in response to the sheer ugliness of mens knitting patterns out there.
The muse looks good in blue but I hate solid slabs of bright colour (especially blue). I am reminded of those makeover programmes where ‘She doesn’t like orange’ so everything gets done in orange…Anyhoo, the answer was a marled yarn, in blues with a neutral base. Grey is currently my favourite. Or deep rich chocolate brown. I digress…
The tropical blue Top came from John Arbon Textiles. As a nice digression that I think you will like, John Arbon Textiles blended up a new top called Spin Fresh in honour of Spinzilla Team HSN 2016 Pirate theme, they donated some fibre to the team and made the remainder available for purchase exclusively at Fibre East 2016. I bumped up my Team HSN batch. It is a glorious blend of 55% dyed Merino/33%Perendale/12%Zwartbles in the colours of a really tropical Caribbean blue sea. I send a big huge hug of thanks to the guys as John Arbon Textiles. I can honestly say it was just beautiful to spin.
For the grey base I used a natural grey whitefaced woodland/Jacobs fleece that I purchased at Ickworth Wool Fair – the result of a happy accident – happy for the Jacobs Ram less so for the Shepherd…I scoured, sorted and carded this in September. About 6 hours work altogether.
The yarn was spun during Spinzilla October 2016. All the fibres were spun separately and then plied to give the marled yarn.
Just over 1000m of plied yarn. The spinning took just over 10 hours altogether. Lovely speedy longdraw.
Next, tedious yet vitally important – swatching. What can I say – don’t be lazy SWATCH! This was a happy couple of hours in front of the TV.
The first draft of the pattern followed from the gauge in the swatch. This was tested in the the knitting… and the frogging…and the knitting again. Roughly 3 weeks of evenings (christmas came and went) and a few lunch times.The finishing took about 2 hours. And here is a sneeky peek of the finished article.
The pattern will be coming soon. Watch this space. But these things can’t be rushed…
So, I’ve been working on the Wasted? thing. In the first post I had drum carded the fibre into something that looked like it could be useable. It was lumpy and bumpy and less than perfect. Adopting the philosophy of true beauty and harmony comes from working with what you have and not how everyone thinks it ought to be I decided to roll with those neps and bumps.
I space dyed the batts with brown, orange and grey leaving quite abit undyded. After dyeing, I ransacked my ‘bling’ box pulling out some dyed silk neps in turquoise, shocking pink and orange.
The batts had already been through the carder three times prior to dyeing but dyeing had compacted the fibre a bit plus I wanted to blend the blend the colours and add in the silk neps. Plus the really chunky woolly bits were standing out so I could pick them out as I carded (or not depending on how lazy or bored I got). Carding again also meant I could pull off the batt as rolags (or should I call ’em fauxlags to suit the pedants?).
The woolly chunks show up well don’t they.
I decided to pull of the batt as rolags because the fibre was so choppy and was quite short staples. Drum carder rolags are quite tight compared with those from hand carders. I like this as it puts a bit of tension on the draught. I like to spin with a relatively high tension. No particular reason other than its what I prefer. I like to see the crimp and the fibres pulled nice and straight. Heres a couple of pictures of the singles, the first as it was spun the second on the bobbin:
The lumpy thick and thin nature is quite obvious. It was spun long draw – sort of some bits I went short worsted. It was a real joy to spin. I just let it do its thing. Some bits draughted smooth and relatively thin. Other bits clogged in the rolag and draughted chunky and bumpy and thick. I only pulled off neps if they offended me but mostly I ignored them. I really didn’t do much quality control at all. It was fast and fun.
And here it is plied:
Isn’t it lovely. Not my hands though, definitely not lovely. I had been in the veg patch planting broad beans (too soon?) and went straight in to the workshop to get the plying done so excited was I to see how it was going to turn out.
The final stage was finishing the yarn. As this yarn was intentionally neppy and would have loose bits that will pill or fall off I decided that it would need to be fulled to some degree. Yes. It needed a bit of felting. On purpose. And how do we felt wool. 1 heat. 2 soap. 3. Agitation. 4 Temperature shock. So two bowls. One seriously hot with some non foamy detergent (I use wool wash, but baby shampoo has been recommended) and the other nice and cold. Plunged the skein in the hot soapy water and gave it a jolly good thrashing. Pulled it out gently squeezing it and then throwing it into the cold bowl for a swish and rinse. Repeat. You need to watch your yarn like a hawk. Blink and you will miss the point where fulling becomes felting and you end up with a very lovely very thick dreadlock rather than the fully integrated lovely soft usable yarn you were aiming for. I only did this twice before I felt the fibres begin to lock together. a quick spin dry and hang and hey presto Isn’t she lovely:
I’ve just finished knitting up a sample:
Its super soft and very textured. Ought to have used bigger needles to really let it fluff up and show off its best bits. I think it looks its best in simple stocking stitch. So please with the outcome. I have had a rummage in the workshop . This one is Hebridean carded with silk neps ( I very nearly ruined it by over fulling it so it is not as soft as it was and i regret that a bit):
And this one is some castle milk Moorit and Shetland with some soy silk fibres:
the lumpy bits tended to spin out of the yarn in this one. Not my favourite.
I hope this has inspired you to dig out your ‘waste’ and have a go. If you do I would love to know how you did it and to see the results.
It’s taken a year in the making but it’s finally complete. The Robins Pincushion project is done. Spun for Spinzilla, knitted for Wovember, covering me up on the sofa whilst binge watching too much crappy TV in December/January/and or February.
As you may well be aware, I love walking my local woods and fields. On one of these walks I became completely obsessed with the Robins Pincushions that were infesting the wild dog roses. These amazing galls are caused by a gall wasp (Diplolepis rosae) which induces the most gorgeous distortion of an unopened leaf axillary on field roses or dog roses.
They have a spectacular appearance. All wild wind spun sugar in colours running from
gold through rose to brilliant scarlet reds and on to rusty dried blood reds and browns.
Unsurprising these common galls have a rich dense folk lore attached to them. The Robin referred to here is the Woodland sprite Robin Goodfellow aka the mischievous and malicious Puck, he of Midsummer night’s Dream fame. According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, he is a jolly trickster who loves nothing better to “change shape, mislead travellers, spoil milk, frighten young girls and trip up venerable old dames”. He may also be a derivation of the great Norse Trickster Loki. Although you wouldn’t think that from Cecily Mary Barkers 1928 very lovely and whimsical autumn fairy print:
From a technical stand point this was quite a taxing work. I knew it had to be circular, I also knew that it needed a colour graduation from the centre out changing from golds through greens, onto reds and finally to rusty reddy browns. The pattern structure also needed to spiral out from a dense and textured centre gradually become looser and lacier as it spiralled outwards. And points. It had to have pointy bits.
Never one to shy away from a technical challenge I wanted to make a 2-ply yarn rather than my usual low twist single. This was going to bring some major headaches on how to dye up the fibre so it would spin into two roughly equal singles that, when plied would match (or mostly match) colourwise.
The dyeing was solved by space dyeing four carded batts of Romney (each wieghing 65 g giving a total of 260g fibre). These were laid butted up together in two strips (each two batts long). The dyes were then painted on in series across both batts: Each strip was then rolled up in a cling film sausage and streamed. These were hand carded in two roughly matching series of rolags to spin long draw:
All this was done in preparation for spinning up the yarn for Spinzilla (you get credit for plying hence the two ply…er herm…embarrassed cough). Spinzilla equals spinning fast. Not very beautifully. But fast. Very fast. My wheel blurred like a time machine. The yarn turned out thicker than intended, close to a double knit rather than my usual 4-ply. The total came to 767 meters.
I knew I wanted to use the great Zimmermans Pi circular shawl template as the starting point. But didn’t really have any fast and firm ideas for the textural and lace patterns. So I knitted up the lace patterns on the fly without much planning or forethought. The consequence to this (very lazy) approach was that it certainly lived up to its namesake and was a tricky testing thing indeed. But that’s my own fault for not planning ahead but just rolling with where it wanted to go.
Starting with a 6mm circular needle and plain garter stitch for the first few sections. Then moss stitch for the next 12 rows. Changing up needle size to 8mm. For the following 24 rows I used pattern no 48 in Leili Reimann’s Pitilised Koekirjad.
I hadn’t a clue for the following sections. The lace patterns I thought I wanted to use didn’t knit up well. So after much frogging and faffing I altered the original pattern (I turned it upside down and changed the starting row to give a distinctive flower on a stem).
The final band a lace pattern I made up. Which just about used up most of my yarn. To get the open lacey edge I cast off using a crochet cast off. Miraculously I had exactly the right amount of yarn. So maybe Puck smiled on me in the end.
Being away for a few days gave me time for getting cracking with a back log of knitting from a burgeoning stash. I managed to start and finish this hat and mitt combo. Me optimistic re sunnies, anything but, I don’t think I’ve seen the sun for days…
The yarn is a low spun single spun worsted I spun from combed Masham locks. I dyed the resulting yarn dyed in two lots the first was a chocolate brown for the main base colour. The second was in my favourite space-dyed combination of blue, chartreuse and turquoise all toned down with a drop of black (about 1% – 2%).
I used the colour to work a series of fair isle patterns. Rather than the convention of only two colours on each row I wanted to see what happens with a space dyed yarn where the the colour is left to blend itself through the pattern. Cunningly removing the need for time spent charting colours (or even thinking about the fairisle patterns themselves) and the dreaded analysis paralysis of having to make decisions on colour. Too much effort at the moment. Camera ran out of battery before I could get a good close up of fairisle to show you up close what I mean.
I really like the way the colours blend and flow through the pattern. Its definitely something I am going to come back to and experiment more with.
The yarn has a lovely sheen and bloom to it. I was going to give it to Jason the Shepherd, the provider of my Masham fleece, but its probably a bit too girly. I will have to think of something else.